Totally vaccinated in opposition to COVID-19? So, what are you able to safely do? – Harvard Well being Weblog

Congrats on getting your COVID-19 vaccine! You qualify as totally vaccinated two weeks after your second dose of the Moderna or Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, or two weeks after your single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, in response to the US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC).

Possibly you’re questioning what you may safely do now that you just’re totally vaccinated. As an infectious illness specialist, I’ve supplied solutions to some widespread questions. Please remember the fact that details about COVID-19 and vaccines is evolving, and suggestions might change as we be taught extra.

Can I collect with individuals outdoors my family who are also totally vaccinated?

Sure, for those who and your mates or household are totally vaccinated, gathering in small teams with out masks is taken into account low-risk. Though it’s doable that people who find themselves totally vaccinated may nonetheless unfold the virus, the vaccines are glorious at defending you from extreme sickness, hospitalization, and dying as a consequence of COVID-19.

Hopefully, we will begin to view COVID-19 like influenza: the flu vaccine reduces flu severity and reduces your possibilities of going to the hospital for pneumonia, however doesn’t fully eradicate the virus.

No matter your vaccination standing, for those who expertise COVID-19 signs, you need to keep away from shut interactions with others. You probably have examined optimistic for COVID-19 within the prior 10 days earlier than a deliberate go to, you need to chorus from visiting others.

Can I see household and pals who don’t but have the vaccine, and socialize with out my masks if I’m totally vaccinated?

The chance that you’ll develop COVID-19 is low if you’re vaccinated and attend a gathering indoors with others who will not be vaccinated. Nonetheless, please remember which you could probably unfold the virus to others. Vaccination doesn’t fully defend you from turning into contaminated with the virus; it simply lessens signs and severity of illness. So, it’s doable that you could possibly haven’t any signs or solely very gentle signs, and nonetheless cross the virus to your loved ones and pals who will not be but vaccinated.

The brand new suggestions beneath are primarily based on the vaccination standing of your self and your loved ones members or pals. As we be taught extra, these suggestions might change.

If you’re totally vaccinated and visiting totally vaccinated household or pals:

  • Indoor visits with out masks are okay and sure low-risk.

If you’re totally vaccinated and visiting wholesome however not but vaccinated individuals ages 64 or youthful residing in a single family:

  • Indoor visits with out masks are okay and sure low-risk. Though spreading the virus remains to be doable, the chance of wholesome — and notably youthful — people growing extreme COVID-19 is low.
  • Bear in mind that if older individuals do get COVID-19, their danger for hospitalization and dying is way greater than the chance for youthful individuals. A 60-year-old has the next danger than a 50-year-old, and a 50-year-old is at greater danger than a 40-year-old. Be taught extra on this CDC web page explaining dangers by age group.

If you’re totally vaccinated and visiting a single family of household or pals who will not be but vaccinated, and are in danger for extreme COVID-19 as a consequence of age (65 or older) or well being situations, comparable to most cancers, diabetes, coronary heart illness, sickle cell illness, or different particular situations:

  • All of you need to put on well-fitted masks and keep six ft away from one another when indoors. If doable, maintain the go to outdoor or in a well-ventilated house to scale back danger.

Mixing two or extra households which have individuals who aren’t but vaccinated raises the chance for getting the virus that causes COVID-19 for anybody who isn’t vaccinated.

Usually, the extra intently individuals work together and the longer they spend with others, the upper the chance of getting or spreading the virus, in response to the CDC.

When doable, everybody gathering for a go to can decrease danger additional by avoiding contact with individuals outdoors their family for 14 days earlier than a go to, and/or by getting examined for the virus.

What if my accomplice or individuals in my family aren’t vaccinated?

You are able to do your half to assist maintain your accomplice or family members who haven’t but been vaccinated secure. Though it might not be possible to put on a masks or keep at a distance inside the home, you may keep these strict measures outdoors of the house. It will assist to scale back your likelihood of publicity to the virus, and thus lower the chance of passing the virus to your accomplice or family members. Your unvaccinated accomplice or housemates ought to abide by the identical pointers: put on a well-fitted masks, wash arms continuously, keep bodily distance, and keep away from crowds in locations outdoors of the house.

Can I journey for leisure or pleasure?

At the moment you need to keep away from pointless journey, and solely go to individuals close by as a result of circumstances of COVID-19 are nonetheless excessive. Touring by air, bus, or practice places you in touch with many individuals and will increase danger of transmission. The vaccines don’t supply 100% safety. We should keep warning, particularly as we be taught extra about variants of concern and the way a lot the vaccine protects in opposition to these strains.

And as said earlier than, you can also put others in danger and unfold the virus, even if you’re protected your self.

What precautions ought to I proceed taking? Is it true that individuals must proceed carrying masks in public?

Many extra individuals should be vaccinated earlier than we obtain adequate group immunity. Till that occurs, you continue to can cross the virus to others, even if you’re totally vaccinated. Subsequently, to maintain others secure and cut back the general unfold of the virus, you are able to do your half by carrying a well-fitted masks in public areas, sustaining bodily distance, washing arms continuously, and avoiding giant crowds.

When can I’m going to a restaurant, live performance, or sports activities occasion?

As famous, the bigger the occasion or gathering, the extra danger you soak up exposing your self to the virus and/or spreading the virus to others. Indoor eating at eating places is lower-risk for vaccinated people, in contrast with attending a big indoor live performance. No matter danger stage, in any public setting, you are able to do your half by carrying a well-fitted masks, observing distancing, washing your arms, and avoiding crowds.

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